The SATOR Square was first discovered in the ruins of Pompeii, dating back to at least 79 BCE and is the earliest 2D palindrome ever recorded - able to be read backwards, forwards, up and down. Modern historians are mystified by the true purpose of the square, but it is believed to have magical uses.
The SATOR Square was often found carved on the walls of ancient houses all over Roman territories as a symbol of protection and a spell to ward off evil spirits, fevers and hexes.
The word square contains five latin five-letter words that can all be read backwards and forwards, up and down. The words are: Sator Arepo Tenet Opera Rotas.
The words themselves have perplexed scholars for centuries, especially Arepo, which is not a Latin word, but believed to be a name. Thee most common translation of the square is ‘the farmer/gardener (SATOR) AREPO holds (TENET) and works (OPERA) wheels (ROTAS). (The Gardener Arepo holds and works the wheels/plough). Obviously, this makes little sense, which is why it is believed to have a hidden Roman meaning that has been lost to time.
This necklace is a direct representation of the Sator Square found in Oppède, France. It is cast in solid sterling silver using the lost wax method, then coated in 18k gold.
25mm x 25mm gold vermeil talisman Chain length: 20 inches with a jump ring at 18 inches Chain type: 18k gold vermeil 1mm wheat chain